Sometimes due to some injury,the reconstruction of the eardrum which is also call a tympanic membrane and also the reconstruction of the middle ear or Ossicles might be required. Tympanoplasty is a minimal Invasive Surgery which is conducted for the same.
Types of Tympanoplasty
Tympanoplasty can be classified under 5 broad categories:
Type I- This procedure treats the tympanic membrane/eardrum.
Type II- The procedure rebuilds the eardrum and middle ear.
Type III- In this procedure, a surgeon removes the ossicles and epitympanum with issues like malleus or incus.
Type IV- This procedure is conducted to repair movable stapes foot plate and missing cura.
Type V- In this procedure, a surgeon repairs a fixed stapes footplate.
Why is the Surgery conducted?
The surgery for the eardrum is conducted if a patient has a perforation or hole in his/her eardrum. The surgery for the middle ear is performed to treat any damage to the bone chain of the middle ear.
What is the surgical procedure?
The surgeons can opt between the two approaches. In the first procedure, a surgeon can make an incision through the ear canal or by making an incision behind the ear and grafting the affected area. An ear surgeon can choose to perform the surgery either under local or general anaesthesia. Both the procedures are Minimal invasive procedures and are conducted within an hour’s time. A patient can be treated under day care as well.