Sarcoma and Bone Tumours Program
What is sarcoma?
Sarcoma is a type of cancerous tumor which develops in the connective tissues. The cancer develops in the normal connective tissue which includes fat, blood vessels, nerves, bones, muscles, deep skin tissues and cartilage. The connective tissues are generally present in our bones. The sarcoma can be categorized into two broad categories-bone sarcomas and soft tissue sarcomas and can affect both children and adults. Any unusual lump in your arms or legs can be dangerous. It can only be diagnosed correctly after a biopsy of that cyst. The biopsy is then followed by MRI and CT Scan.
What is a bone tumour?
The word ‘Tumor’ is enough to give anyone a shock of his life but it happens because not many people are aware about it. A tumor develops when normal cells in the body starts dividing at an uncontrollable rate. But, it is not always that a tumor is malignant or cancer. In many cases a tumor is diagnosed as non-cancerous or benign. In both the cases the first step is to remove the tumor and then deciding on the course of medication to avoid the recurrence of tumor. In case of a benign tumor, the tumor may grow and start affecting other organs while in case of a malignant tumor, if not treated, it may result in fatality.
Different Types of Bone Tumors
Like all other tumors, bone tumors are not always malignant or bening. Bone tumors can be classified into different categories which may include:
Benign Bone Tumors
- Tumor which is developed in soft tissues of arms or leg bones and is also called Osteochondromas
- NonossifyingFibroms Unicameral tumor develops in the bone of the leg and is also referred to as bone cyst
- Giant cell tumor is a type of bening tumor which develops in the round ends of a bone
- Enchondroma grows in the bone marrow
- Fibrous Dysplasia grow in bones making them weak and prone to fracture
Malignant Bone Tumors
- Osteosarcomausually develops in children and adolescents around hip, shoulder or knee
- Ewing Sarcoma family of tumors grows in legs, pelvis, backbone, ribs, upper arms and sometimes in skull and can also affect children as young as 5 years old
- Chondrosarcoma is diagnosed in adults at middle age and grows in areas like hips, shoulders and pelvis